Despite the establishment of a separate juvenile justice system over a century ago, youth are routinely charged and prosecuted in the adult criminal justice.
When Juveniles Are Tried in Adult Criminal Court. Some cases involving youth offenders are serious enough to be transferred to adult criminal court. Some juvenile cases get transferred to adult criminal court through a process called a "waiver"—when a judge waives the protections.
In all 50 states, youth under age 18 can be tried in adult criminal court through various types of juvenile transfer laws. In California, youth as young as 14 can be .
Since , more than 1, youth age 15 and younger faced adult court prosecution and Only since has California tried and year-olds as adults.